Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
XAVIER, Maria Izabel Mota and BARRETO, Maurício Lima. Tuberculosis in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, in the 1990s. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.23, n.2, pp. 445-453. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007000200021.
The characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) cases and deaths were analyzed in order to characterize the epidemiological profile of TB (incidence and mortality) in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, in the 1990s. Annual incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender, age bracket, and clinical forms of the disease using databases from the Tuberculosis Information System of the Bahia State Health Secretariat and the Mortality Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. TB spatial distribution was analyzed according to health district. Cases and deaths were predominantly in males in the 15 to 39 year group. The pulmonary form showed the highest incidence and mortality. The existing data did not corroborate the hypothesis that AIDS/TB co-infection might contribute to maintaining the high mortality rates. The greater occurrence of tuberculosis in certain health districts may be associated with population density and unfavorable living conditions.
Keywords : Tuberculosis; Information Systems; Mortality; Incidence.