Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
PAIXAO JR, Carlos Montes et al. Cross-cultural adaptation to Brazil of the instrument Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE) for detection of abuse of the elderly by caregivers. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.23, n.9, pp.2013-2022. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007000900010.
This first of two papers focuses on the first part in the cross-cultural adaptation of the Portuguese-language version of Caregiver Abuse Screen (CASE), a brief instrument for detecting domestic violence against the elderly. CASE was originally developed in Canada and used to screen violence against the elderly by interviewing their caregivers. Besides a broad literature review, the evaluation of conceptual and item equivalences involved expert discussion groups. Semantic equivalence included the following steps: two translations and respective back-translations; an evaluation of referential and general (connotative) equivalence between the original instrument and each version; further discussions with experts in order to define the final version; and pre-testing the latter in 40 caregivers of elderly subjects in an outpatient geriatric clinic. It was possible to establish high-quality conceptual, item, and semantic equivalence for the Portuguese-language version. Although the results shown here were encouraging, they should be reevaluated in light of a forthcoming psychometric analysis (measurement equivalence) to be performed by the research group.
Keywords : Domestic Violence; Aged; Caregivers.