Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MINAYO, Maria Cecília de Souza; SOUZA, Edinilsa Ramos de and CONSTANTINO, Patrícia. Perceived risks and victimization of military and civil police in the public (in)security domain. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.23, n.11, pp.2767-2779. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007001100024.
This study was based on a larger survey on the socioeconomic, quality-of-life, occupational, and health characteristics of military and civil police in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The study triangulated quantitative methods (an anonymous questionnaire in a random sample of clusters involving 46 police units and 2,678 police force members) and qualitative ones (18 focus groups with 143 police force members, 24 individual semi-structured interviews, and field observations). The article specifically approaches the issues of victimization and perceived risks among on-duty and off-duty police. Data were processed and analyzed according to risk-related variables. We performed a content analysis, comparing strata within and between police forces, according to thematic lines. This empirical approach is supported by secondary data analyses. According to our analysis, the police are the greatest victims in the performance of their duties, especially military police and those from both forces involved in direct law enforcement activities. Different variables are associated with risk in the two forces, with an emphasis on work conditions and especially involvement in other activities during their official off-duty time.
Keywords : Risk; Vitimization; Police.