Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X
AGUDELO, Carlos A.. Health in Andean regional integration. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.23, suppl.2, pp. S267-S272. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007001400015.
Despite their shared history, the Andean countries are socially and politically diverse, with heterogeneous health realities and complex integration processes. General developments such as the Latin American Free Trade Association and Latin American Integration Association have existed for decades, along with others of a regional scope, like the Andean Community of Nations, Caribbean Community, and Central American Common Market. The health field has a specific instrument in the Andean Region called the Hipólito Unánue Agreement, created in 1971. Integration processes have concentrated on economic aspects, based on preferential customs agreements that have led to an important long-term increase in trade. Less progress has been made in the field of health in terms of sharing national experiences, knowledge, and capabilities. Analysis of experiences in health has shown that integration depends on the countries' respective strengths and to a major extent on national political processes.
Palavras-chave : Health Services; Health Policy; Health Systems.