Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
TRINDADE, Evelinda. Adoption of new technologies by health services: the challenge of analyzing relevant factors. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.5, pp. 951-964. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008000500002.
The exponential increase in the incorporation of health technologies has been considered a key factor in increased expenditures by the health sector. Such decisions involve multiple levels and stakeholders. Decentralization has multiplied the decision-making levels, with numerous difficult choices and limited resources. The interrelationship between stakeholders is complex, in creative systems with multiple determinants and confounders. The current review discusses the interaction between the factors influencing the decisions to incorporate technologies by health services, and proposes a structure for their analysis. The application and intensity of these factors in decision-making and the incorporation of products and programs by health services shapes the installed capacity of local and regional networks and modifies the health system. Empirical observation of decision-making and technology incorporation in Brazilian health services poses an important challenge. The structured recognition and measurement of these variables can assist proactive planning of health services.
Keywords : Biomedical Technology; Diffusion of Innovation; Health Planning; Health Services.