Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MATOS, Sheila Maria Alvim et al. Giardia duodenalis infection and anthropometric status in preschoolers in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.7, pp. 1527-1535. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008000700007.
The aim of this study was to estimate the association between Giardia duodenalis infection and anthropometric deficits, as measured by weight-for-age and height-for-age. This cross-sectional study included 629 children from 12 to 48 months of age, selected from 30 geographic areas in the city of Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Poisson regression and linear regression were used for the multivariate statistical analyses. G. duodenalis was diagnosed in 13.5% of the children. The children's breastfeeding duration and living conditions (garbage collection and paved streets or sidewalks) modified the effect of G. duodenalis infection on anthropometric status. Among infected children, there were statistically significant associations between weight deficit and shorter breastfeeding (PR = 2.22; 95%CI: 1.56-3.14) and inadequate paving of streets and sidewalks (PR = 2.00; 95%CI: 1.37-2.92), while height deficit was associated with deficient public garbage collection (PR = 2.21; 95%CI: 1.31-2.51). In the linear regression, the association with the anthropometric indicators remained positive and statistically significant. The child's unhealthy living environment aggravated the negative effect of G. duodenalis infection on anthropometric status, and breastfeeding was a protective factor in the outcome.
Keywords : Giardia; Anthropometry; Preschool Child.