Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
LEIMANN, Beatriz Consuelo Quinet and KOIFMAN, Rosalina Jorge. Cryptococcal meningitis in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, 1994-2004. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.11, pp. 2582-2592. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100013.
The objective of this article was to evaluate the epidemiology of cryptococcal meningitis in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, from 1994 to 2004. Six hundred and ninety-six cases of cryptococcal meningitis were reported, with a mean incidence of 0.45 per 100,000 inhabitants. Patients were predominantly male; mean age was 35.9 years; AIDS was practically the only underlying disease, reported in 61.2% of cases; case-fatality was 51.8%. No decline in incidence was observed during the study period. AIDS is the main predisposing condition for cryptococcal meningitis, and thus the profile of most patients mirrors that of HIV infection. Missing information prevented the evaluation of other underlying diseases.
Keywords : Cryptococcal Meningitis; Incidence Rate; Epidemiologic Surveillance.