Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BOCCOLINI, Cristiano Siqueira et al. Factors that affect time between birth and first breastfeeding. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.11, pp.2681-2694. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100023.
The current study investigated factors associated with time between birth and first breastfeeding. A representative sample of mothers (10% of deliveries in 47 maternity hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) was interviewed (n = 10,077). A random effects proportional risks survival model (at the maternity ward level) was employed, in a three-tier hierarchical approach. Models were fitted separately for normal and cesarean delivery. Time to initiation of breastfeeding in the first 24 hours of life differed between mothers with vaginal delivery (median 4 hours) versus cesarean section (10 hours). Common risk and protective factors were identified: maternal age; neonatal complications; neonatal care considered sub-optimal by the mother; admission of the newborn to the nursery; parity; birth weight. The model predicted 33% of variance in first breastfeeding. In conclusion, time from delivery to first breastfeeding was increased by biological factors, high cesarean rates, and inadequate childbirth and neonatal care practices.
Keywords : Breast Feeding; Health Services Evaluation; Maternity Hospitals.