Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
ABRAMOVAY, Ricardo. Integrating society and nature in the struggle against hunger in the 21st century. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.11, pp. 2704-2709. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100026.
Understanding the contemporary world requires a naturalist view, wherein the work of Josué de Castro is one of the most important expressions: taking a comprehensive approach to social life and reproduction of the natural environment that supports it - including the nature of humans themselves, their bodies - is the cornerstone of the geographic method practiced in Geografia da Fome [The Geography of Hunger]. This method is important for studying regions where hunger severely afflicts the populations, and also offers an important key for interpreting the food problems that are forecast for the 21st century, when the world population is expected to increase by nearly 50%. The food production challenges in the coming years - and which this article discusses briefly - cannot be solved with the techniques that characterized the so-called Green Revolution. Rather, they require a more refined understanding of the links between the social and ecological systems, an interface in which the work of Josué de Castro provides fundamental inspiration.
Keywords : Hunger; Food Production; Human Characteristics.