Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
VASCONCELOS, Francisco de Assis Guedes de. Josué de Castro and The Geography of Hunger in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.11, pp. 2710-2717. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100027.
The aim of this article is to reinterpret the classic work Geografia da Fome [The Geography of Hunger], first published in 1946. The article provides a summary of the five food area maps and the main nutritional deficiencies in Brazil, based on Josué de Castro's original conception. Currently, the nutritional epidemiological profile identified by Josué de Castro, characterized by nutritional deficiencies (malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, endemic goiter, iron deficiency anemia, etc.), overlap with chronic non-communicable diseases (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemias, etc.). However, the complex and paradoxical issue of hunger is a persistently recurrent theme in Brazil. Given a series of current dilemmas, including the planet's ecological sustainability and the need to guarantee the human right to adequate, healthy nutrition, it is urgent to reawaken the struggle led by Josué de Castro for the adoption of a sustainable economic development model and a society free of poverty and hunger.
Keywords : Hunger; Feeding Behavior; Nutritional Surveillance.