Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
ADAMI, Fernando and VASCONCELOS, Francisco de Assis Guedes de. Childhood and adolescent obesity and adult mortality: a systematic review of cohort studies . Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, suppl.4, pp.s558-s568. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008001600008.
This systematic review addressed cohort studies on obesity in childhood and adolescence and adult mortality, published from January 1990 to March 2007. We searched the PubMed database with the following uniterms: obesity, mortality, child, adolescent; obesity and mortality; overweight and mortality. References were also analyzed. The age limit was 2 to 18 years. Quality of the articles was assessed, and eight were identified and reviewed. All used weight and stature for determination of obesity, and seven used body mass index (BMI). The quality score varied from 9 to 17. Evidence of association between obesity in childhood and adolescence and adult mortality should be viewed with caution. Use of BMI and potential confounders were discussed. Further research is needed to analyze the relationship between childhood and adolescent obesity and adult mortality.
Keywords : Obesity; Overweight; Mortality; Child; Adolescent.