Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
ALVES FILHO, Pedro; SANTOS, Ricardo Ventura and VETTORE, Mario Viana. Oral health of Guaraní Indians in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.1, pp. 37-46. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000100004.
The aim of the present study was to describe the oral health conditions of Guaraní Indians in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A cross-sectional oral health survey was conducted in 508 subjects (90.7% of the Guaraní population) using World Health Organization criteria. At 5 years of age, 38.5% of children were caries-free. DMF-T was 1.7 at 12 years. 54.2% of subjects in the 35-44-year group and 12% in the 65-74-year group had at least 20 teeth. Numbers of teeth for the 35-44 and 65-74 age groups were 18.5 and 8.5, respectively. While caries index did not differ by gender for deciduous teeth, DMF-T and tooth loss was higher in women. Nearly 60% of the population showed no periodontal illness. Gingival bleeding and calculus were the most severe periodontal conditions. Gingival bleeding and calculus were more common in men and excluded sextants more common in women. Oral health promotion strategies are needed for this ethnic group and should consider the epidemiological profile according to age and gender.
Keywords : Dental Caries; Oral Health; South American Indians.