Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X
CESAR, Juraci A. et al. Child health in poor areas: findings from a population-based study in Caracol, Piauí, and Garrafão do Norte, Pará, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.4, pp. 809-818. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000400012.
The aim of this study was to evaluate child health indicators in the municipalities (counties) of Caracol, Piauí State, and Garrafão do Norte, Pará State, Brazil. Through household visits using systematic sampling, previously trained interviewers applied a standard questionnaire to mothers of under-five children, investigating socioeconomic status, housing and environmental sanitation, demographic characteristics, disease patterns, and prenatal and childbirth care. The analysis used the t-test and chi-square test to compare indicators between the two municipalities. Of the 1,728 children studied, 60% were from families with incomes less than one monthly minimum wage (approximately U$200), 41% had no type of sewage treatment or disposal, 10% of mothers reported zero prenatal visits, 30% of the children were born in the same municipality, and 30% had been taken to a pediatric consultation in the previous 3 months; 20% had a height-for-age deficit > 2 standard deviations. All target indicators were deficient in both the municipalities (especially in Garrafão do Norte). Expanding health care supply and improving housing and sanitation conditions are priorities in both municipalities.
Palavras-chave : Health Status Indicators; Child Welfare; Maternal-Child Health Services.