Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BENARROZ, Monica de Oliveira; FAILLACE, Giovanna Borges Damião and BARBOSA, Leandro Augusto. Bioethics and nutrition in adult patients with cancer in palliative care. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.9, pp.1875-1882. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000900002.
Cancer constitutes a major group of chronic diseases and is the second leading cause of death in the developed countries. Palliative care proposes to offer comprehensive support to control symptoms and improve quality of life for patients and their families. Nutrition is an important tool in palliative care, helping patients with their physical, psychological, and social issues and promoting comfort and quality of life. However, in the context of palliative care, nutritional support rarely achieves its role of fully recovering and assuring nutritional status. At this point, the nutritionist must consider the individual patient's needs, preferences, and eating habits, which are essential both for controlling symptoms and assuring satisfaction and comfort. The impossibility of conventionally applying established management and the development of a new perception of the patient often raise dilemmas for professional nutritionists.
Keywords : Hospice Care; Quality of Life; Neoplasms; Bioethics; Public Health Nutrition.