Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
FERREIRA, Raquel Conceição et al. Oral health among institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.11, pp. 2375-2385. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009001100008.
This study assessed the oral health of the institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A sample of 335 individuals over 60 years of age was randomly selected. Data were collected through interviews, review of medical records, and clinical examination by a single researcher. Oral health was evaluated in terms of oral hygiene, caries, and periodontal disease. Bacterial plaque was present on 76% of the dental surfaces, and 57% of the elderly using upper dentures presented plaque on at least one of its surfaces. DMF-T index was 30.8, with the missing component representing 94.2%. Missing sextant was the worst periodontal finding in 78.2% of the elderly. Among the valid sextants, there was a higher prevalence of 4 to 5mm periodontal pocket and attachment loss from 4 to 5mm (47%). According to the findings, institutionalized elderly suffer from precarious oral health, with deficient oral hygiene, high caries rate, tooth loss, and periodontal pocket.
Keywords : Homes for the Aged; Oral Health; Health of the Elderly.