Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
PEREIRA, Rosângela Alves; ANDRADE, Roseli Gomes de and SICHIERI, Rosely. Changing in dietary intake by women in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1995 to 2005. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.11, pp.2419-2432. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009001100012.
This article compares food intake by women 35 years or older in two population-based cross-sectional studies in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1995-1996 (n = 1,014) and 2004-2005 (n = 1,001). Food intake was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire, and nutritional status was defined according to body mass index (BMI = weight/height2). Prevalence of obesity (BMI 30kg/m2) increased in the ten-year period (16.6% to 24%). Many high energy density (kcal/g) foods showed a statistically significant increase in the period, such as crackers, candies, bacon, sausage, and hamburger. Some high energy density items were reported less frequently: butter, mayonnaise, potato chips, and sugar. The intake of fruits, milk, beans, roots and potatoes, and meat decreased in the 10-year period. Women with more education showed a larger reduction in fruit and meat intake and a smaller reduction in fish, dairy product, and root and potato intake. Changes in prevalence of obesity were associated with numerous changes in food intake, depending on the level of schooling.
Keywords : Food Consumption; Obesity; Women; Questionnaire.