Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GONZALEZ, David; NAZMI, Aydin and VICTORA, Cesar G.. Childhood poverty and abdominal obesity in adulthood: a systematic review. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, suppl.3, pp.S427-S440. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009001500008.
Adverse socioeconomic conditions in childhood can have lasting effects on health, but evidence is lacking from prospective studies concerning the effects of early poverty on abdominal obesity in adulthood. Cross-sectional studies in adults from middle and high-income countries show that current socioeconomic status is inversely related to obesity in women, but the pattern in men is not consistent. A systematic review was undertaken to assess the influence of early socioeconomic status on waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio in adulthood. Thirteen relevant articles were located (five cross-sectional and eight cohort), including only one from a middle-income country and the remainder from high-income settings. In all the studies, childhood poverty was associated with higher levels of abdominal obesity in women. In men, the associations were weaker, and no clear pattern emerged.
Keywords : Abdominal Fat; Obesity; Poverty.