Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
TIRICO, Patrícia Passarelli; STEFANO, Sérgio Carlos and BLAY, Sergio Luís. Quality of life and eating disorders: a systematic review. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.3, pp. 431-449. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010000300002.
This article provides a systematic review of articles on quality of life (QoL) among individuals with eating disorders. A literature search was conducted using six databases. Manual searches were also performed in two specialized journals, covering the period from January 1975 to June 2008. The search strategies identified a total of 29,537 articles. Forty-one studies met the inclusion criteria, and 36 were analyzed in the present review. Patients with eating disorders showed reduced QoL as compared to normal controls and individuals with other psychiatric disorders. The mental health component of QoL showed greater impairment than the physical component. Patients with binge eating disorders showed reduced physical and psychological QoL. We identified few studies on QoL in bulimia nervosa-only patients. QoL assessment of anorexia nervosa patients showed a modest impact on the physical domain. However, this finding should be interpreted with caution, since it may be due to an artifact in the disorder's psychopathology rather than better health status per se.
Keywords : Eating Disorders; Quality of Life; Review.