SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.26 issue5HPV vaccine introduction at the local level in a developing country: attitudes and criteria among key actorsLabor relations under decentralized health management and dilemmas in the relationship between work expansion and casualization in the Brazilian Unified National Health System author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311X

Abstract

MOLINA, Maria del Carmen Bisi et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in 7-to-10-year-old children in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.5, pp. 909-917. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010000500013.

The study aimed to identify the simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors in children 7 to 10 years of age in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and investigate associated socioeconomic variables. In a sample of 1,282 children, anthropometric data were obtained and blood pressure was measured with an automatic device. Socioeconomic, nutritional, and physical activity data were obtained with a questionnaire. To evaluate the simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors, an index was developed including overweight, high blood pressure, poor eating, and sedentary leisure > 4hours/day. The simultaneous presence of four cardiovascular risk factors was defined as high risk. Socioeconomic status and maternal schooling were included in the logistic regression model. Some 34% of the children presented two cardiovascular risk factors, 20% three factors, and 6.4% four cardiovascular risk factors. Maternal schooling remained associated with high cardiovascular risk (OR: 7.36, 95%CI: 2.09-25.97) and medium risk (OR: 2.57, 95%CI: 1.58-4.20). Low maternal schooling was the most important factor associated with cardiovascular risk.

Keywords : Child Health; Anthropometry; Hypertension; Overweight.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · pdf in Portuguese