Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MOLINA, Maria del Carmen Bisi et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in 7-to-10-year-old children in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.5, pp. 909-917. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010000500013.
The study aimed to identify the simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors in children 7 to 10 years of age in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and investigate associated socioeconomic variables. In a sample of 1,282 children, anthropometric data were obtained and blood pressure was measured with an automatic device. Socioeconomic, nutritional, and physical activity data were obtained with a questionnaire. To evaluate the simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors, an index was developed including overweight, high blood pressure, poor eating, and sedentary leisure > 4hours/day. The simultaneous presence of four cardiovascular risk factors was defined as high risk. Socioeconomic status and maternal schooling were included in the logistic regression model. Some 34% of the children presented two cardiovascular risk factors, 20% three factors, and 6.4% four cardiovascular risk factors. Maternal schooling remained associated with high cardiovascular risk (OR: 7.36, 95%CI: 2.09-25.97) and medium risk (OR: 2.57, 95%CI: 1.58-4.20). Low maternal schooling was the most important factor associated with cardiovascular risk.
Keywords : Child Health; Anthropometry; Hypertension; Overweight.