Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SA, Naíza Nayla Bandeira de and MOURA, Erly Catarina. Factors associated with the burden of metabolic syndrome diseases among Brazilian adults. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.9, pp. 1853-1862. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010000900018.
This study aimed to identify socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with the burden of metabolic syndrome diseases, based on data collected in 2007 by the Telephone Survey System for the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases (VIGITEL). The sample included 49,276 adults living in the Brazilian State capitals and Federal District. Metabolic syndrome was defined as the presence of at least two of the following: diabetes, dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, and obesity. Burden of disease showed that 22.7% of the adult population presented at least one of these conditions and 14.2% had two or more. Adjusted prevalence ratios showed that the odds of metabolic syndrome increased after 25 years of age, with insufficient physical activity, and with overweight in both men and women. Public health promotion policies should be encouraged that include modifiable factors with a major impact on the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome, as well as clinical diagnosis in populations at risk of metabolic syndrome.
Keywords : Metabolic Syndrome X; Adult Health; Surveillance.