Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GIGANTE, Denise P. et al. Dietary assessment in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort study: comparing energy intake with energy expenditure. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.11, pp. 2080-2089. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010001100009.
The study aims to describe and compare two methods of energy intake assessment and one measure of energy expenditure applied in adolescents from a birth cohort. In a sub-sample of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort, followed up in 2006-7, information on intake was obtained through a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and three 24-hour-recalls (24hR), while energy expenditure was assessed using an accelerometer. Bland & Altman plots were used in the analyses in order to compare the methods. The mean difference between FFQ and 24hR was 592 ± 929cal/day. Compared to energy expenditure, intake was overestimated when measured by FFQ (357 ± 968cal/day) and underestimated by 24hR (-278 ± 714cal/day). In spite of the great differences between energy intake obtained using the two methods, lower differences were observed when these methods were compared to expenditure.
Keywords : Energy Intake; Adolescent Nutrition; Energy Metabolism; Validation Studies.