Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
JAIME, Patricia Constante; BANDONI, Daniel Henrique; DURAN, Ana Clara da Fonseca Leitão and FISBERG, Regina Mara. Diet quality index adjusted for energy requirements in adults. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.11, pp. 2121-2128. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010001100013.
This study aimed to develop a diet quality index (DQI-a) adjusted for energy requirement. Dietary intake of adults was assessed using 24-hour food recall. The DQI was developed for scores evenly distributed across ten items characterizing different aspects of diet: food groups, nutrients, and variety. The components categorized under the food groups from the Dietary Guide for Brazilians were adjusted according to the estimated energy requirements of the population studied. Index consistency and correlation with nutrients of the diet was analyzed by Cronbach's alpha. A total of 737 individuals were assessed and energy requirements ranged from 1,800 to 2,500kcal among women and 2,500 to 3,400kcal in men. The food group with greatest variation in total portions was cereals and tubers. Cronbach's alpha of the DQI-a was 0.643 and the index correlated with most of the nutrients. The DQI-a can be considered a valuable instrument for assessing diet quality of the Brazilian population.
Keywords : Diet; Food Consumption; Nutrition; Adult.