Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CLARO, Rafael Moreira et al. Discrepancies among ecological, household, and individual data on fruits and vegetables consumption in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.11, pp. 2168-2176. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2010001100018.
Information on fruits and vegetables consumption in Brazil in the three levels of dietary data was analyzed and compared. Data about national supply came from Food Balance Sheets compiled by the FAO; household availability information was obtained from the Brazilian National Household Budget Survey (HBS); and actual intake information came from a large individual dietary intake survey that was representative of the adult population of São Paulo city. All sources of information were collected between 2002 and 2003. A subset of the HBS, representative of São Paulo city, was used in our analysis in order to improve the quality of the comparison with actual intake data. The ratio of national supply to household availability of fruits and vegetables was 2.6 while the ratio of national supply to actual intake was 4.0. The discrepancy ratio in the comparison between household availability and actual intake was smaller, 1.6. While the use of supply and availability data has advantages, as lower cost, must be taken into account that these sources tend to overestimate actual intake of fruits and vegetables.
Keywords : Fruit; Vegetables; Food Consumption; Diet Surveys.