Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
GARCIA, Mariana Tarricone; GRANADO, Fernanda Serra and CARDOSO, Marly Augusto. Complementary feeding and nutritional status of 6-24-month-old children in Acrelândia, Acre State, Western Brazilian Amazon. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.2, pp. 305-316. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000200012.
Our objective was to investigate nutritional status and complementary feeding practices in children from 6 to 24 months of age living in the Western Brazilian Amazon. A cross-sectional study was conducted within an urban area of Acrelândia, Acre State. A total of 164 children were studied. Prevalence rates for stunting and anemia were 12% and 40%, respectively, and overall prevalence of iron deficiency was 85%. Vitamin A and B12 serum levels were below normal thresholds in 15% and 12% of children, respectively. Low intake was observed for the following nutrients (% of children): folic acid (33%), vitamin C (40%), vitamin A (42%), zinc (46%), and iron (71%). Iron bioavailability in the diet was approximately 8%. Very low dietary intakes of fruits, vegetables, and meats were observed, in contrast with excessive consumption of cow's milk and porridge.
Keywords : Supplementary Feeding; Nutritional Status; Iron-Deficiency Anemia; Iron Deficiency; Child Welfare.