Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
POLETTO, Juliana; HARIMA, Helena Aiko; FERREIRA, Sandra Roberta Gouvea and GIMENO, Suely Godoy Agostinho. Hyperuricemia and associated factors: a cross-sectional study of Japanese-Brazilians. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.2, pp. 369-378. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000200018.
This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and associated risk factors among Japanese-Brazilians. We obtained data on demographic, health history, food intake, and laboratory variables. Chi-square and prevalence ratios were used as measures of association. 35.3% of the subjects presented hyperuricemia, which was more frequent in smokers, males, age > 55 years, with co-morbidities, individuals on uric acid-increasing medication, serum creatinine > 1.4mg/dL, high alcohol consumption, and low consumption of milk and dairy products. In the multivariate analysis, the associations remained significant with gender, overweight, central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and use of specific drugs. Among males, low intake of saturated fat was associated with hyperuricemia. Individuals with hypertension showed a negative association with dairy product consumption. The high hyperuricemia prevalence suggests that changes in nutritional profile and control of associated co-morbidities could help minimize occurrence of this condition.
Keywords : Hyperuricemia; Diet; Japanese-Brazilians.