Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SORTINO-RACHOU, Ana Maria; CURADO, Maria Paula and CANCELA, Marianna de Camargo. Cutaneous melanoma in Latin America: a population-based descriptive study. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.3, pp. 565-572. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000300016.
Cutaneous melanoma incidences vary between geographic regions and are a health concern for Caucasians and for all ethnic populations. In Latin America, data from population-based cancer registries of cutaneous melanoma incidence rates have rarely been reported. We searched the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents volume IX (CI5-IX) database for cutaneous melanoma and select cases by topography (C43) from 11 population-based cancer registries in Latin America. Between 1998 and 2002, a total of 4,465 cutaneous melanoma cases were reported in Latin America. The average age-standardized incidence rates (per 100,000 persons-year) was 4.6 (male) and 4.3 (female). This study presents an overview of cutaneous melanoma incidence in Latin America, highlighting the need to enhance coverage of population-based cancer registries in Latin America, to allow for a better understanding of this neoplasm in the region. Thus it can help in implementing primary prevention programs for the whole Latino population. At this point in time, early detection messages should target young women and older men in Latin America.
Keywords : Melanoma; Neoplasms; Incidence.