Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
NAKASHIMA, Juliano de Pádua; KOIFMAN, Sérgio and KOIFMAN, Rosalina Jorge. Cancer mortality trends in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, 1980-2006. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.6, pp.1165-1174. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000600013.
Time trends in cancer incidence and mortality in the Western Amazon remain unknown. This study explored age-standardized cancer mortality rates according to anatomical site in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, by constructing linear regression time trend models. Cancer mortality showed an increasing but inconstant trend in men and stability in women. At the end of the time series, the highest cancer rates among women were for the cervix, lung, liver and intrahepatic biliary tract, stomach, and breast. Among men, the highest rates were for cancer of the lung, prostate, liver and intra-hepatic biliary tract, stomach, and esophagus. The study showed an increasing mortality time trend for cancer of the prostate, breast, and lung and declining mortality rates for cervical cancer in women, lung cancer in men, and stomach cancer in both sexes. The high mortality rate from liver cancer merits attention, considering the high hepatitis B and C infection rates in the State of Acre.
Keywords : Neoplasms; Mortality; Temporal Distribution.