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LOPES, Aline Cristine Souza; SANTOS, Luana Caroline dos; LIMA-COSTA, Maria Fernanda and CAIAFFA, Waleska Teixeira. Nutritional factors associated with chronic non-communicable diseases - the Bambuí Project: a population-based study. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.6, pp.1185-1191. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000600015.
The increase of chronic non-communicable diseases has been significant. The objective of this study was to identify factors related to food intake, anthropometry and biochemical measurements associated with chronic non-communicable diseases. It involved a cross-sectional study among a representative sample of adults and elderly people in Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Anthropometric, biochemical and nutrient intake data were evaluated. The study included 409 individuals (55.3% of whom were women), with a mean age of 40.6±16.0 years. There was found to be a 14% rate of obesity associated with high/very high triglycerides and arterial hypertension. Arterial hypertension was present in 22.4% of subjects and correlated with age > 60 years, insufficient protein intake, obesity and high cholesterol. Diabetes was found in 3.7% and was associated with large waist circumference, excessive saturated fatty acids and arterial hypertension. The factors associated with chronic non-communicable diseases were obesity, high total cholesterol, triglycerides and excessive consumption of saturated fatty acids. The identification of the nutritional factors associated with chronic non-communicable diseases can support future interventions.
Keywords : Food Consumption; Anthropometry; Biological Markers; Chronic Disease.