Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BRITO, Cileide Mascarenhas Lopes; VIEIRA, Graciete Oliveira; COSTA, Maria da Conceição Oliveira and OLIVEIRA, Nelson Fernandes de. Neuropsychomotor development: the Denver scale for screening cognitive and neuromotor delays in preschoolers. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.7, pp. 1403-1414. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000700015.
This study investigated the prevalence of abnormal neuropsychomotor developmental performance and associated factors in children enrolled in the public preschool system in Feira de Santana, Bahia State, Brazil, 2009 (N = 438). This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with random sampling of schools and children. The study analyzed associated factors with a questionnaire applied to mothers and the Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) II in the preschool children. Statistical analysis used the χ2 test with 95% confidence interval and α = 5%. Prevalence of abnormal developmental performance was 46.3%. According to logistic regression analysis, variables showing statistically significant association were: male gender (PR = 1.43; p = 0.00), age five years (PR = 1.42; p = 0.00), lack of prenatal care (PR = 1.41; p = 0.00), first prenatal visit > 3 months gestation (PR = 1.25; p = 0.00), and alcohol consumption during pregnancy (PR = 1.55; p = 0.00). Prevalence of abnormal development was high, thus highlighting the need for early prenatal care, warnings against alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and early childhood monitoring, aimed at prevention or early treatment.
Keywords : Child Development; Preschool Education; Cross-Sectional Studies.