Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MEDINA-GOMEZ, Oswaldo Sinoe and LOPEZ-ARELLANO, Oliva. Association between types of need, human development index, and infant mortality in Mexico, 2008. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.8, pp.1603-1610. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800015.
The aim of this study was to assess the association between different types of economic and social deprivation and infant mortality rates reported in 2008 in Mexico. We conducted an ecological study analyzing the correlation and relative risk between the human development index and levels of social and economic differences in State and national infant mortality rates. There was a strong correlation between higher human development and lower infant mortality. Low schooling and poor housing and crowding were associated with higher infant mortality. Although infant mortality has declined dramatically in Mexico over the last 28 years, the decrease has not been homogeneous, and there are persistent inequalities that determine mortality rates in relation to different poverty levels. Programs with a multidisciplinary approach are needed to decrease infant mortality rates through comprehensive individual and family development.
Keywords : Health Inequalities; Infant Mortality; Poverty.