Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
CARVALHO, Priscila Diniz de et al. Health risk behaviors and psychosocial distress indicators in high school students. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.11, pp. 2095-2105. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011001100003.
The purpose of this article was to examine the association between health risk behaviors (tobacco, alcohol, and drug use) and psychosocial distress indicators among high school students. The sample consisted of 4,210 adolescent students from public schools in Pernambuco State, Brazil. The Global School-based Student Health Survey was used to collect personal (demographic and socioeconomic) and behavioral data and to obtain measures of psychosocial distress indicators (outcome variables). Prevalence rates were observed for sadness, loneliness, suicidal ideation, sleeplessness due to worries, and suicidal planning. Self-reported prevalence rates for tobacco, alcohol, and drug use were 7.7%, 30.3%, and 6.9%. Psychosocial distress was more prevalent among girls, while health risk behaviors were more common among boys. The study concludes that drug use is directly associated with suicidal ideation and planning, and that among girls, alcohol consumption was associated with psychosocial distress.
Keywords : Psychological Stress; Suicide; Adolescent; Health Behavior.