Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BARATA, Ricardo Andrade et al. Assessment of sand fly (Diptera, Psychodidae) control using cypermethrin in an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis, Montes Claros, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.11, pp. 2117-2123. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011001100005.
Montes Claros in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, was considered an intense transmission area for visceral leishmaniasis. This study evaluated sand fly fauna after insecticide application. Captures were performed in 10 districts from September 2005 to August 2006 with CDC light traps inside and outside each residence. Cypermethrin was sprayed in two cycles during November/2005 and May/2006. The 636 specimens collected, belonging to 10 species, were predominantly Lutzomyia longipalpis (79%), and most frequently males (70%). The highest percentage of specimens were captured in areas surrounding domiciles (85.8%). The main species were observed to be sensitive to treatment with the insecticide. The results showed a reduction in the number of sand flies collected after use of cypermethrin in homes and annexes, and with residual effect lasting from two to four months.
Keywords : Visceral Leishmaniasis; Psychodidae; Disease Vectors.