Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
LUZ, Tatiana Chama Borges et al. Violence and accidents among older and younger adults: evidence from the Surveillance System for Violence and Accidents (VIVA), Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.11, pp. 2135-2142. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011001100007.
Data from the Brazilian Surveillance System for Violence and Accidents (VIVA) in 2009 were used to examine socio-demographic characteristics, outcomes, and types of accidents and violence treated at 74 sentinel emergency services in 23 Brazilian State capitals and the Federal District. The analysis included 25,201 individuals aged > 20 years (10.1% > 60 years); 89.3% were victims of accidents and 11.9% victims of violence. Hospitalization was the outcome in 11.1% of cases. Compared to the general population, there were more men and non-white individuals among victims of accidents, and especially among victims of violence. As compared to younger adults (20-59 years), accidents and violence against elderly victims showed less association with alcohol, a higher proportion of domestic incidents, more falls and pedestrian accidents, and aggression by family members. Policies for the prevention of accidents and violence should consider the characteristics of these events in the older population.
Keywords : Violence; Accidents; Aged; Emergency Medical Services.