Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
MONTENEGRO, Rosa Maria Natalli; ZANDONADE, Eliana; MOLINA, Maria Del Carmen Bisi and DINIZ, Lúcia Martins. Reactional state and nutritional profile among leprosy patients in the primary health care system, Greater Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp.31-38. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000100004.
Leprosy may present acute/subacute inflammatory processes (leprosy reactions). The study characterized the reactional states of patients at health clinics in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and associated them with sociodemographic factors and clinical/nutritional variables. between January and December 2009, longitudinal follow-up of patients with leprosy continued until leprosy reactions occurred or patients completed 6 months of multidrug therapy. Of the 151 patients participating, 78 (51.7%) were females, 48 (31.8%) had 5 to 8 years schooling, 93 (61.6%) worked and earned from 1 to 3 minimum wages, and 55 (36.4 %) had leprosy reactions, but with no statistical association to socioeconomic characteristics or nutritional status. However, absence of reaction was more common in the low-weight group, suggesting a trend in this group to protection from the reaction (p = 0.0906). The study found no association between nutritional status and leprosy reaction.
Keywords : Leprosy; Nutrition Surveys; Body Mass Index.