Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
ALVES, Guilherme da Costa; SANTOS, Darci Neves; FEITOSA, Caroline Alves and BARRETO, Mauricio Lima. Community violence and childhood asthma prevalence in peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp.86-94. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000100009.
This study aimed to identify degrees of exposure to community violence reported by parents and guardians of children from four to 12 years of age and the association with childhood asthma symptoms. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,232 parents/guardians in 24 peripheral neighborhoods in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State, Brazil. The authors investigated asthma symptoms in children and acts of violence in the community. More than 75% of parents/guardians had been exposed to community violence in the previous year, with 20% reporting high levels of exposure. Children that were more exposed to violence showed higher asthma prevalence (28.4%) as compared to non-exposed children (16.4%). Children exposed to maximum levels of violence were nearly twice as likely to present asthma symptoms (adjusted OR = 1.94; 95%CI: 1.12-3.36). The study highlighted the relevance of community violence as a risk factor for asthma and the need for further research to elucidate methodological issues.
Keywords : Violence; Asthma; Child.