Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MONTEIRO, Simone; VILLELA, Wilza Vieira and KNAUTH, Daniela. Discrimination, stigma, and AIDS: a review of academic literature produced in Brazil (2005-2010). Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp. 170-176. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000100018.
Given the implications of stigma for HIV/AIDS prevention and control of the epidemic, as emphasized by UNAIDS, this study analyzes the Brazilian academic production on health, AIDS, stigma, and discrimination, available in the SciELO database from 2005 to 2010. Brazilian research on the theme is modest as compared to the international literature, but the studies follow the same trend of focusing on individual experiences of discrimination as opposed to analysis of stigma and discrimination as social processes associated with power relations and domination (macro-social structures) and the characteristics of individuals and social groups that shape social interactions. The current study seeks to analyze the reasons for the scarcity of studies on the social perspective towards stigma and discrimination in the field of public health and the implications for the development of proposals to deal with HIV/AIDS-related discrimination.
Keywords : Social Stigma; Prejudice; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.