Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
CASTRO, José Marcelo de and RODRIGUES-JUNIOR, Antonio Luiz. The impact of mortality from external causes on human development in the Brazilian borderland. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp.195-200. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000100022.
This article estimates the impact of mortality from external causes on the human development index (HDI) along the Brazilian borderland from 2000 to 2005. Data obtained from Brazilian government agencies were combined using the methodology defined by the United Nations Development Program, revealing the HDI according to actual conditions. Subsequently, deaths from external causes were excluded in order to estimate their impact on the index, recalculating life expectancy using the technique of competing causes. HDI showed a gradual increase from North to South, with the most developed regions concentrated in the South, consistent with studies using other sets of economic indicators. By excluding mortality from external causes, the highest gains appeared in regions where the HDI (under actual conditions) were lower, and the magnitude of gains declined towards the South.
Keywords : Economic Indexes; External Causes; Border Areas; Mortality.