Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
COSTA, Larissa da Cunha Feio; VASCONCELOS, Francisco de Assis Guedes de and CORSO, Arlete Catarina Tittoni. Factors associated with adequate fruit and vegetable intake by schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.6, pp. 1133-1142. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000600012.
This study aimed to estimate fruit and vegetable intake and identify associated factors among schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4,964 students from public and private schools in eight districts in the State, analyzing socioeconomic and anthropometric data and dietary intake. Adequate fruit and vegetable intake was defined as five or more servings per day. Poisson regression was performed to test associations between fruit and vegetable intake and independent variables (p < 0.05). Adequate intake was found in 2.7% of children, while 26.6% of the sample did not consume any fruits and vegetables. In the analysis of the association between independent variables and adequate fruit and vegetable intake in the total sample, only geographic region (residents in western Santa Catarina) and consumption of candy were significantly associated. In the stratified analysis by sex, for boys, only geographic region was associated, while among girls, region and candy consumption were significantly associated with adequate fruit and vegetable intake. The findings indicate the need for specific strategies in the school community to improve fruit and vegetable intake by schoolchildren.
Keywords : Food Consumption; School Feeding; Fruit; Vegetables.