Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BORGES, Maria Fernanda de Sousa Oliveira et al. Prevalence of uterine cervical cancer testing in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, and factors associated with non-participation in screening. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.6, pp. 1156-1166. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000600014.
The objective of the study was to determine the self-reported prevalence of uterine cervical cancer testing in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, and to analyze factors associated with non-participation in screening. A population-based cross-sectional study with a sample of 772 women 18 to 69 years of age and living in Rio Branco was conducted in 2007 and 2008. Data were analyzed with Stata 10.0, and prevalence rates were estimated with Poisson multivariate regression (95%CI). 85.3% of women reported at least one cervical cancer screening test in the previous three years. The majority of women (72.8%) were screened in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. After adjusting for selected variables, statistically significant prevalence rates for absence of screening were found in women 18-24 and 60-69 years of age, single, and with low income and low schooling. The prevalence rates were consistent with findings from other studies, highlighting the need for greater intervention in the group of women most vulnerable to cervical cancer incidence and mortality.
Keywords : Vaginal Smears; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms; Mass Screening.