Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
FERREIRA, Maria Angela Fernandes et al. Social inequality in morbidity and mortality from oral and oropharyngeal cancer in the city of São Paulo, Brazil: 1997-2008. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.9, pp.1663-1673. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000900006.
Occupation of geographical space is historically determined by the socioeconomic model and the dynamism of its social, political, and ideological relations. This study aimed to evaluate the spatial distribution of morbidity and mortality from cancer of the mouth and oropharynx and related socioeconomic variables in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1997 to 2008. Data were collected from the Population-Based Cancer Registry and the Program for Improvement of Mortality Data (PRO-AIM) and were georeferenced using Terraview and GeoDa. The theoretical framework for evaluating the results was the work of Milton Santos. The incidence rates showed spatial autocorrelation with a Global Moran index of 0.226 and mortality rates of 0.337. Incidence of cancer of the mouth and oropharynx did not show a well-defined spatial pattern in the city of São Paulo, but mortality rates were highly unequal, concentrating the lowest rates in the central area of the city, which is wealthier and economically less unequal.
Keywords : Oropharyngeal Neoplasms; Social Inequity; Geography.