Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BORTOLINI, Gisele Ane; GUBERT, Muriel Bauermann and SANTOS, Leonor Maria Pacheco. Food consumption Brazilian children by 6 to 59 months of age. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.9, pp. 1759-1771. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012000900014.
The aim of this study was to assess food consumption in Brazilian children 6 to 59 months of age by region of the country and area of residence. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 4,322 children in the National Demographic and Health Survey (2006-2007). The data showed low daily consumption of leafy vegetables (12.7%), vegetables (21.8%), and meat (24.6%) and high consumption (1-3 times a week) of soft drinks (40.5%), fried foods (39.4%), salty snacks (39.4%), and sweets (37.8%). Comparing the regions of Brazil, children in the South, Southeast, and Central-West consumed more rice, bread, potatoes, beans, greens, vegetables, and meat, but they also ate more foods not recommended for their age, like sweets and soft drinks (soda). Rural children showed lower consumption of foods recommended for their age and also those not recommended for their age, as compared to their urban counterparts. According to this study, food consumption in these young children fails to meet the recommendations for healthy eating in this age bracket.
Keywords : Food Consumption; Health Promotion; Child Nutrition Sciences.