Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
VERAS, Renato Peixoto. Disease prevention in the elderly: misconceptions in current models . Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.10, pp. 1834-1840. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012001000003.
The Brazilian population is aging significantly within a context of gradual improvement in the country's social and economic indicators. Increased longevity leads to increased use of health services, pressuring the public and social welfare health services, generating higher costs, and jeopardizing the system's sustainability. The alternative to avoid overburdening the system is to invest in policies for disease prevention, stabilization of chronic diseases, and maintenance of functional capacity. The current article aims to analyze the difficulties in implementing preventive programs and the reasons for the failure of various programs in health promotion, prevention, and management of chronic diseases in the elderly. There can be no solution to the crisis in financing and restructuring the health sector without implementing a preventive logic. Scientific research has already correctly identified the risk factors for the elderly population, but this is not enough. We must use such knowledge to promote the necessary transition from a healthcare-centered model to a preventive one.
Keywords : Aging; Aged; Disease Prevention; Chronic Disease.