Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BARBOSA-BRANCO, Anadergh; BULTMANN, Ute and STEENSTRA, Ivan. Sickness benefit claims due to mental disorders in Brazil: associations in a population-based study. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.10, pp. 1854-1866. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012001000005.
This study aims to determine the prevalence and duration of sickness benefit claims due to mental disorders and their association with economic activity, sex, age, work-relatedness and income replacement using a population-based study of sickness benefit claims (> 15 days) due to mental disorders in Brazil carried out in 2008. The prevalence of mental disorders was 45.1 claims per 10,000 workers. Prevalence and duration of sickness benefit claims due to mental disorder were higher and longer in workers aged over 40 years. Prevalence of claims was 73% higher in women but duration of sickness benefit claims was longer in men. Prevalence rates for claims differed widely according to economic activity, with sewage, residential care and programming and broadcasting activities showing the highest rates. Claims were deemed to be work-related in 8.5% of cases with mental disorder showing low work-relatedness in Brazil. A wide variation of prevalence and duration between age, economic activity and work-relatedness was observed, suggesting that working conditions are a more important factor in mental disorder work disability than previously assumed.
Keywords : Mental Disorders; Social Security; Depression; Work.