Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SENICATO, Caroline and BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo. Social inequality in health among women in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.10, pp. 1903-1914. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012001000009.
The aim of this was study was to assess social inequalities in health status and use of health services according to level of schooling in women. This was a cross-sectional population-based study with a sample of 508 women from 20 to 59 years of age living in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil (ISA-Camp 2008). Women with less schooling showed higher prevalence of hypertension, circulatory problems, headache, dizziness, obesity, common mental disorders, worse self-rated health, use of dental prosthesis, and visual impairment, but lower prevalence for use of eyeglasses. There were no differences between the two schooling strata in prevalence of medical visits in the previous two weeks, use of medicines in the three previous days, Pap smear, breast self-examination, clinical breast examination, hospitalizations and surgeries in the previous year, and rubella vaccination any time in life. The only significant differences were in use of dental services and mammograms. The results show social inequalities in various health indicators and equity in access to various components of the health services.
Keywords : Women's Health; Social Inequity; Health Inequalities.