Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SOUZA, Vanessa Aparecida Feijó de et al. Space-time cluster analysis of American visceral leishmaniasis in Bauru, São Paulo State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.10, pp. 1949-1964. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012001000013.
A space-time analysis of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) in humans in the city of Bauru, São Paulo State, Brazil was carried out based on 239 cases diagnosed between June 2003 and October 2008. Spatial analysis of the disease showed that cases occurred especially in the city's urban areas. AVL annual incidence rates were calculated, demonstrating that the highest rate occurred in 2006 (19.55/100,000 inhabitants). This finding was confirmed by the time series analysis, which also showed a positive tendency over the period analyzed. The present study allows us to conclude that the disease was clustered in the Southwest side of the city in 2006, suggesting that this area may require special attention with regard to control and prevention measures.
Keywords : Visceral Leishmaniasis; Cluster Analysis; Spatial Analysis.