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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311X

Abstract

BASTOS, Tássia Fraga; ALVES, Maria Cecília Goi Porto; BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo  and  CESAR, Chester Luiz Galvão. Men's health: a population-based study on social inequalities. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.11, pp. 2133-2142. ISSN 0102-311X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2012001100013.

This study evaluates social inequalities in health according to level of schooling in the male population. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study with a sample of 449 men ranging from 20 to 59 years of age and living in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. The chi-square test was used to verify associations, and a Poisson regression model was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios. Men with less schooling showed higher rates of alcohol consumption and dependence, smoking, sedentary lifestyle during leisure time, and less healthy eating habits, in addition to higher prevalence of bad or very bad self-rated health, at least one chronic disease, hypertension, and other health problems. No differences were detected between the two schooling strata in terms of use of health services, except for dental services. The findings point to social inequality in health-related behaviors and in some health status indicators. However, possible equity was observed in the use of nearly all types of health services.

Keywords : Men's Health; Social Inequity; Health Surveys.

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