Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
CIFUENTES, Yolanda et al. Microbiological profiling of isolates from the neonatal unit of a third-level hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2005, vol.7, n.2, pp. 191-200. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642005000200007.
OBJECTIVES: Investigating the prevalence and sensitivity of germs isolated from newborn in a referral hospital in Bogotá. Suggesting an empirical antibiotic treatment for neonatal infection. METHODS: Cultures taken between February and December 2002 were analysed. Blood cultures were processed using BacT/ALERT (Durham, NC), urine cultures by UROCULT (Bio-Bacter) and catheter tips in thioglycollate. BBL CRYSTAL identification system (BD, Sparks, MD) was used for identifying germs. Antibiotic sensitivity was determined by disk diffusion. RESULTS: There were 1,097 positive aerobic and facultative aerobic germ cultures; 64,3% were Gram-positive, 30,6% Gram-negative and 4,9% were yeasts. Gram-positive germs consisted of coagulase-negative staphylococci (64,2%), enterococcus (13,8%) and coagulase-positive staphylococci (13,3%). The most frequent Gram-negatives were Klebsiella (45,2%), Eschericha coli (30,9%) and Serratia (10,1%). Staphylococcus epidermidis accounted for 64% of the coagulase-negative staphylococci. S. epidermidis susceptibility to vancomycin was 100%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci susceptibility to rifampin and amikacin was 59% and 67,4% (respectively). Coagulase-negative staphylococci resistance to beta-lactams was 86,4% (95% CI: 82,3-89,9). Coagulase-positive staphylococci sensitivity to vancomycin was 100%. Gram-negative susceptibility to imipenem was 98,1% (95% CI: 89,9-99,9), 78,1% to gentamicin (95% CI: 64,9-88,2) and 46,6% to amikacin (95% CI: 28,3-65,7). CONCLUSIONS: There was high coagulase-negative staphylococci prevalence in neonatal infection (particularly S. epidermidis). All S. epidermidis and coagulase-positive staphylococci were sensitive to vancomycin. There was increasing coagulase-negative staphylococci and Gram-negative resistance to oxacillin and amikacin, respectively.
Keywords : Staphylococcus epidermidis; infection; staphylococci; infant; newborn; cross-infection; microbial sensitivity test; source: MeSH, NLM.