Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
PEREZ-OLMOS, Isabel; RODRIGUEZ-SANDOVAL, Esther; DUSSAN-BUITRAGO, Mónica M. and AYALA-AGUILERA, Juan P.. Psychiatric and social characterisation of suicide attempts treated at a children's clinic, 2003-2005. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2007, vol.9, n.2, pp.230-240. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642007000200007.
Objective Psychiatrically and socially characterising suicide attempts treated at a children’s clinic in Bogotá, 2003-2005. Methods A retrospective series of 96 cases aged 11-18, using univariate and bivariate statistical analysis. Results 81,4 % of the cases were female. Mean age was 15,3 years and 70,9 % were aged 16 or younger. Low family income was found in 63,1 %. Poisoning was the suicide method in 96,9 % cases. Ambulatory care for two months or less was continued in 38 % cases. Only 13,2 % required anti-depressive or mood-modulator medicine. 87,9 % suffered family or scholastic stress. 83,5 % had a problematic relationship with parents and in 72,3 % of cases the parents had a conflictive relationship. 46,5 % were first-born children. Forty abuse situations were found. 27,2 % had attempted suicide previously. Adjustment disorders, family dysfunction and mood disorders were the main psychiatric diagnostics. 37,6 % had scholastic problems, suffered academic failure or had conflict with their teachers. Males were associated with aggressiveness, substance use, academic failure or romantic loss and females were associated with predominant anxiety and physical abuse. Discussion Being young, the overrepresentation of females and suffering scholastic and family conflict were noteworthy. Gender association with socio-cultural, behavioural and emotional profile is also worth noting. Socio-family and scholastic conflict is frequent in youth people’s suicide attempts. The child-youth suicide problem must be made socially visible to prevent it.
Keywords : Suicide attempt; family relationships; adjustment disorders; adolescent; child; Colombia.