Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
CARDENAS-BUSTAMANTE, Omayda et al. Bogotá paint-industry workers exposure to organic solvents and genotoxic effects. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2007, vol.9, n.2, pp.275-288. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642007000200011.
Objective Investigating the degree of exposure to organic solvents and related genotoxic consequences in paint-factory workers by using cytogenetic monitoring and determining micronuclei frequency in lymphocytes and DNA damage as assessed by comet assays. Methodology Excretion of phenol and hippuric and methylhippuric acids in urine was investigated as biomarkers for benzene, toluene and xylene exposure. Urine samples were taken in two paint-factories in Bogotá and in a non-exposed control group. Benzene, toluene and xylene concentrations in air were measured in the work setting. Micronuclei and simple DNA chain breakage frequency were evaluated in peripheral blood sample mononuclear cells to assess early genetic effects. Results Hippuric acid concentration was found to be within normal values; by contrast, phenol and methylhippuric acid sample concentrations were above normal values by 3,3 % and 50,8 %, respectively. Benzene concentration in air was above permissible limits in one of the factories. There were no statistical differences regarding genetic biomarkers between exposed and non-exposed workers. Conclusions Organic solvent levels in the samples were apparently low, which is consistent with the absence of genotoxicity in cells. This study represents a step forward in research in occupational health surveillance.
Keywords : Paint; exposure; micronucleus tests; comet assay.