Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
MUNOZ-MOLINA, Yaromir. Meta-analysis of pathological gambling 1997-2007 . Rev. salud pública [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.1, pp. 150-159. ISSN 0124-0064. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0124-00642008000100014.
Objective Determining the prevalence of pathological gambling related to variables such as age and sex; furthermore, identifying the most current tools used for measuring it and the kind of gaming associated with this type of obsessive behavior. Method A meta-analysis of studies concerning pathological gambling published between 1997 and 2007 was carried out. Inclusion criteria for papers consisted of having a probabilistic sample, indicating the tool used for measuring it and presenting the prevalence rate. Results It was observed that pathological gambling affects men more than women; furthermore, there are differences amongst adults and adolescents related to this type of behaviour, the latter group having the higher prevalence rate. Video lottery terminals are the most frequently occurring type of game associated with pathological gambling. Conclusions Pathological gambling deserves more attention by public health managers. Prevalence studies help to understand it better.
Keywords : Gambling; pathological gambling; evaluation; prevalence.